Concrete Flooring: Everything You Need To Know - ZOHA

Concrete Flooring: Everything You Need To Know

They have transcended their industrial roots to become a common option for both commercial and residential areas. The most sought-after for their durability, flexibility and contemporary aesthetic concrete floors provide the perfect canvas for many different styles of design. However, before diving in the realm of flooring made from concrete, you’ll find plenty of information you should consider. The comprehensive information in this guide is sure to arm with all the information you require to be aware of concrete floors, from basic concepts of flooring construction and installation, to maintenance options, design strategies, and the potential disadvantages.

Understanding Concrete Floors

In essence the concrete floor is composed of cement aggregate (such as crushed rock) as well as sand and water. When these elements are mixed, they chemically react to create a solid, sturdy surface. Floors made of concrete can be put in right on the floor (slab-on-grade) or on existing subfloors.

The Advantages of Concrete Floors

There’s a reason why concrete flooring is becoming increasingly sought-after. Here’s a review of the many advantages concrete floors offer:

  • Durability: Concrete floors are extremely durable as well as resistant to wear and tear. They are able to withstand high foot traffic, drops of objects, as well as the most common wear and tear, which makes the perfect flooring for areas with high traffic such as garages, basements, and commercial areas.
  • Versatility: Concrete floors can be left unfinished for a more industrial look, stained for a touch of color, or polished to a high shine. They can also be dyed, etched, or stamped with patterns to create a truly unique and customized look.
  • Low Maintenance: Once sealed, concrete floors are easy to maintain and clean. They need periodic mopping or sweeping, and occasionally deep cleaning using an appropriate cleaner for concrete. Furthermore, concrete floors are naturally immune to mold, dust mites and mildew. This makes concrete floors a great option for those suffering from allergies.
  • Sustainability: Concrete is a sustainable material that is recyclable and reused. Furthermore the polished floors of concrete are very reflective, which could decrease lighting requirements and rise the efficiency of energy use.
  • Fire Resistance: Concrete is an inert material, which makes it an ideal option for fire protection in commercial and residential environments.
  • Thermal Mass: It is a good thermal mass, which means it absorbs heat and releases it slowly. This could benefit to regulate temperatures inside and increase energy efficiency.

Concrete Flooring: Everything You Need To Know

Types of Concrete Floors

With an array of choices that are available, you can select the concrete flooring that best fits your style and requirements. Here are a few of the most popular kinds:

  • Stained Concrete: The choice involves the application of a colored stain on the concrete’s surface. Stains are available in a broad variety of colors, allowing the user to give a dash of character to your home.
  • Polished Concrete: This method is the process of grinding and polishing concrete’s surface to a high-gloss. The floors polished with polish are reflective, durable and easy to keep clean.
  • Stamped Concrete: This technique uses mats with textured surfaces to create the appearance of stone, tiles, or wood over the concrete. Stamped concrete can be a cost-effective option to actually achieve an elegant look.
  • Epoxy-Coated Concrete: An epoxy coating may be applied on concrete floors to create a smooth, durable surface that is impervious to chemicals and stains. This feature is very popular for basements, garages, as well as other areas with a lot of traffic.
  • Exposed Aggregate Concrete: This type of concrete has a rough texture and particle of aggregate visible upon the top. This creates a rustic industrial appearance.

Considerations Before Installing Concrete Floors

While concrete floors can serve a variety of positives, there’s several factors to be considered before deciding:

  • Subfloor: Concrete floors are heavy and require a sturdy subfloor to help them. Make sure that the subfloor you have is in good working order or has satisfying strength to support the weight of concrete.
  • Moisture: Floors can be prone to water damage. If you’re considering installing a floor for an underground or crawl space, assure proper moisture control measures are in place.
  • Cost: The price for floors can differ based on the size of the floor and the finish chosen and the difficulty of the installation. Although concrete is an affordable material, the price associated with labor costs and more finishing options can be costly.
  • Comfort: Floors can be cold and hard to walk on. If you’re thinking about flooring for your living area, you might consider the expense of area rugs and radiant heating.

Installing Concrete Floors

The installation of a concrete floor is a task perfectly done by professionals. Here’s a brief description of the process:

  • Preparation: The floor is prepared by making sure that its level is clean and free of dirt. A vapor barrier could be installed to stop the problem of moisture.
  • Pouring the Concrete: Concrete mix will be poured over the subfloor that has been prepared and then leveled together with the screed. The concrete is vibrated to eliminate the air bubbles, and assure an even surface.
  • Finishing: When the concrete has set somewhat, the concrete surface is smoothed with trowels, or any other tool in order to complete the desired appearance.
  • Sealing (Optional): Sealants are applied on the concrete surface to guard it against the effects of moisture and staining.
  • Additional Touches: Depending upon the design chosen, extra steps like staining, polishing, staining, or stamping could be applied after the concrete has completely dried.

Concrete Flooring: Everything You Need To Know

Maintaining Your Concrete Floor

Concrete floors are fairly low-maintenance However, proper maintenance will warrant they remain gorgeous for many years to come. Here are some helpful tips for keeping your floor in good condition:

  • Regular Sweeping and Mopping: You should mop or sweep your floor often to clean up debris and dirt. Make use of a mild detergent specially made specifically for floors made of concrete. Beware of harsh chemicals or abrasive cleaners which could damage the concrete surface.
  • Deep Cleaning: At times you’ll have to clean up your flooring. Utilize a concrete-specific cleaning product following the directions of the manufacturer.
  • Resealing (Optional): The amount of resealing depends on the sealer you use and the volume of traffic on your floor, you could require resealing your concrete floor at least every couple of years. The process will benefit to shield the floor from stains and water.
  • Area Rugs: These rugs can bring warmth and ease to floors, particularly in living areas. They are a great addition to benefit in protecting the concrete floor from scratches and staining.


Concrete floors provide a distinctive mix of toughness, flexibility and fashion. If they are planned properly and maintained they could be beneficial to any commercial or residential space. If you take a look at the information contained in this complete guide, you will be able to make an informed decision on what concrete floor is the ideal option for your project.